Possible side effects after a hair transplant

effetti collaterali trapianto capelli

Hair transplantation concerns a surgical procedure performed in total safety, with the most advanced techniques to ensure the best surgical performance and a positive experience for the patient.

Despite this, it is still a surgical operation, and therefore, it too can manifest side effects in the healing phase. In order to contain the risks, but more importantly, the damage that the surgery may cause, it is necessary to rely on experienced professionals who specialize in this field.

One of the factors that characterizes the success of the intervention is undoubtedly the sterilization of all instruments and the environment in which they operate.

Moreover, by planning the operation, selecting the right technique to be used, and consulting thoroughly with the patient himself, it will be possible to preserve the work and avoid any form of side effects as much as possible.

It is therefore essential to choose a good clinic in order not to risk running into inexperienced, incompetent surgeons who could cause permanent damage on the donor area, on the aesthetic result of the transplant, infections etc.

Side effects of hair transplantation (or autotransplantation)

Here are some symptoms that patients might experience after undergoing hair transplantation:

  • Crowning
  • Bloodiness
  • Itchiness
  • Blisters
  • Edema
  • Infection
  • Syncope


The formation of scabs after surgery is a very common phenomenon in patients; they manifest that healing has begun.

They should not be forced at all to safeguard the health of the grafts and not create infections on the skin; they will heal on their own within 2 weeks after surgery. In the convalescence phase, it is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations and use appropriate cleansing products; we can get advice which ones from the surgeon who followed us throughout the pre- and post-surgery process.


It is normal to notice a slight flow of blood in the head, you should not rub or scratch, you should simply tamp the bleeding area with a cotton pad. Medications such as aspirin, Nsaid, vitamin E, alcohol, and steroids, if taken before surgery could promote greater blood flow.

It is necessary to inform the doctor in case the bleeding does not stop, as it could create damage to the transplanted follicles.


Itching is also a side effect of transplantation, occurring shortly after the onset of scabs on the scalp.

Scabbing could damage the work done during the operation and cause damage to the transplanted grafts. If you should experience abnormal itching, contact your doctor and have medication prescribed to reduce the discomfort.


The onset of pitting on the skin is due to the fact that theinstruments push the grafts under the skin. The process can take more than about two months, but there is no need to worry; as soon as the entire healing process is over, everything will return to normal.

Care should be taken when washing the skin in order not to irritate it further. If the pitting phenomenon increases, simply contact your doctor who will prescribe the appropriate medication or treatment.


Along with swelling, it is definitely one of the first symptoms that arise after surgery. For 48 hours the head is swollen and edema present.These are considered standard side effects and usually disappear spontaneously after a few days.

If this does not happen, but rather further symptoms such as other fever, weakness, chills etc. occur, you should consult your doctor immediately.


The risk of contracting infections is very high, so you should rely on experienced clinics with good sanitation and sterile equipment and environments.

After hair transplantation, it is very important to protect the scalp skin and take suitable medications and antibiotics, but above all to follow the directions we are given, so that we can face a peaceful convalescence period and make the healing process speed up more and more.


This phase is characterized by abnormal loss of much of the transplanted hair.

It is actually a completely normal process that occurs after every transplant.

Typically this phase lasts from 1 to 3 months, but every situation is different, so it is not possible to give precise timelines.


Hiccups are very rare after a hair transplant, about 5 out of 100 people experience this symptom.

In most cases, hiccups appear on individuals with severe mood alterations in the pre- and postoperative period; they may occur for two full days and then disappear on their own.

Rare side effects: hypertrophic and keloid scar

Postoperative scar tissue may appear pink, red, and skin-colored and is called hypertrophic scar.

Scars that appear thick and hard or even inflated are called keloid and should be reported to the treating physician as soon as they are noticed, to see if there is a need to intervene in any way.


Necrosis of skin tissue is a very rare but possible side effect.

During the necrotic phase, cells are damaged and there is death of cells.

In cases where heavy bleeding occurs in the donor area, a dose of adrenaline can be injected to cause the blood vessels to constrict and blood flow to fail, with the aim of reducing bleeding.

Adrenaline, if used in excessive doses, could cause tissue necrosis, causing serious damage even to the patient himself.


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