The steps of Micro FUE Hair Transplantation illustrated by Dr. Zizi and Dr. Tornese

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Le fasi del Trapianto di Capelli Micro FUE

Micro FUE hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that has revolutionized the field of trichology. This article, based on the video by Dr. Zizi and Dr. Tornese, explains the steps of this process.

The Physician-Patient Relationship

The foundation of any medical procedure is the relationship between the physician and the patient. The medical team firmly believes in the importance of information, so prior to surgery, the patient is informed in detail about the procedure he or she is about to receive. This includes the planning of the operation, the various stages of the procedure, and the intended results. This information process allows the patient to have absolute awareness of the procedure he or she is about to receive, enabling him or her to feel more comfortable and actively participate in treatment planning.

Preparation for the Intervention

Before the procedure, the patient is photographed in order to compare the results with the previous situation. This step is essential to document the effectiveness of the transplant and to allow the patient to see for themselves the progress made. Next, the patient is shaved. This is necessary to facilitate access to the donor area and to prepare the recipient area for transplantation. After shaving, local anesthesia, similar to that used by the dentist, is administered. This ensures that the patient does not experience pain during the procedure. After anesthesia, a design is made on the area from which the hair will be taken. This drawing is customized for each patient, based on his or her specific needs and the amount of hair available for transplantation.

The Harvesting Phase

Hair follicles are harvested using a punch handpiece, a kind of round scalpel, to singulate the follicular units. This phase can take 2 to 3 hours, depending on the number of follicular units to be removed. In a good transplant candidate, up to 2,500 to 3,000 follicular units can be removed. Each follicular unit contains 2 to 3 hairs, so when we talk about follicular units, we are referring to the number of grafts that are placed in the area to be transplanted. This phase of the surgery requires great precision and skill on the part of the surgeon, who must harvest the follicular units without damaging them to ensure the success of the transplant.

The Insertion Phase

After the harvesting phase, the recipient area, which is the area where the follicles will be transplanted, is prepared. Local anesthesia is also used in this phase. The follicles are inserted in a very precise order, maintaining a one- to two-level water flow in the first two frontal lines, then proceeding toward the apex with larger follicular units. This stage of the procedure is particularly delicate and requires great speed on the part of the medical team. In fact, if the follicle insertion time is too long, there is a risk that the follicular units will not root properly, compromising the success of the transplant.

After the Surgery

At the end of the surgery, the patient is informed about some precautions to follow in the following days. After about a week, the scabs formed where the hair was transplanted fall off. Within three months, the transplanted hair falls out, respecting the physiological growth time. After about a year, the final effect of the transplant can be observed. This waiting period may seem long, but it is necessary to allow the transplanted hair to stabilize and grow naturally.

In conclusion, Micro FUE hair transplantation is a highly specialized procedure that requires a highly qualified medical team. Although it may seem like a simple procedure, it requires precision and speed to ensure the success of the procedure. Thanks to this technique, many patients suffering from baldness or alopecia have the chance to regain thick, natural hair, improving their self-esteem and quality of life.

 

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